|Click to enlarge|
|Click to enlarge|
This is developed for several pages and leads to a new section. The tempo is the same, but Sibelius groups the measures in three so the effect is now of a slow 3/2 meter. The horns present an overlapping three chord idea:
They are transposing instruments, so here is the same passage at concert pitch:
This reminds me of a lovely section from the third movement of Stravinsky's Symphony of Psalms which was written in 1930. I like the dove-tailing of the two pairs of horns.
Once the horn chords, which are now the accompanying texture, are established, that theme I quoted at the beginning appears, first in the flutes and later in the violins. Around here there is a modulation from the original key of E flat major to C major. Then the original quick theme returns in E flat major again, but a bit mysteriously with some of Sibelius' trademark tympani rolls and sustained horn chords. Then there is a more remote modulation, to G flat major, which is the relative major of the tonic minor. I just mean that G flat major and E flat minor share the same key signature and E flat minor has the same tonic as E flat major, the key of the symphony.
After this has been worked out in a development, we finally get the implied meter of the flute tune, 3/2, and a slowing of the tempo. And we hear a varied version of that melody, this time with all the strings in octaves:
This is not G flat major at this point, but E flat minor. The music continues to slow down and broaden out and we get the horn chord motif returning as well. At the same time we modulate back to E flat major. This double process of both going from minor to major and at the same time broadening out the pace of the music is what Sibelius uses to set up the conclusion. And an unexpected conclusion it is. In the starkest way he gives us hammered chords: I6, V, V7, and then bare octaves on B flat and E flat! The first and last pair of these chords are syncopated, appearing on off-beats, the rest are on downbeats. Shostakovich ended each movement of a string quartet with V-I cadences, like little quotes from a recitative, but the effect here is quite different. Sibelius makes these chords seem like the inevitable ending to the movement and symphony.
UPDATE: Forgot to post that last page!
Now let's listen to an excellent performance conduced by Esa-Pekka Salonen: