I was turned on to this group of Romanian gypsies, known by the French version of their name, Taraf de Haïdouks, by the composer Osvaldo Golijov, who mentioned them in an interview. They are virtuoso, professional, traditional musicians. Some of those adjectives may not seem to go together. In modern societies, professional and traditional are opposing categories. But it is different in traditional societies, in which modern professional musicians are less likely to even exist.
The group were featured in the 1993 documentary Latcho Drom.
The CD was released in 1994. On the cover in fairly small print it announces that this is Vol. 2 of "Musique des Tziganes de Roumanie" so it started life as a documentary record of a traditional musical genre. Then, I guess because of the movie, these guys suddenly became hip.
Taraf de Haïdouks are a group of what are known as lăutari or traditional musicians. Due to their international fame, they tour and record a lot, but still live in the village of Clejani in Romania.
Here is a somewhat longer version of one of the tunes from the album: "Turceasca":
I think this is one of those crazy dance tunes that they like to play at weddings. Towards the end there is a really wild cadenza for the hammer dulcimer.
Golijov actually stole a little tune of theirs, a doina, and used it in one of his pieces. I believe it was this one:
And here is what he did with it. The doina is preceded by a lullaby which lasts until the 5 minute mark.